4- Bullying in Greek Middle School: The Role of Eight Dimensions of School Climate in Bullying Perpetration and Exposure to Victimization

- Konstantina D. Kapari, Pedagogical Sciences-University of Ioannina, Greece

This study investigates the role of eight dimensions of school climate in bullying perpetration and exposure to victimization. Data were collected from 14 year old students (N=667) drawn from sixteen middle schools through an anonymous self-report questionnaire. The frequency of bullying and victimization has been estimated according to five criteria that distinguish bullying from other aggressive acts. All the investigated dimensions of school climate were significantly associated with bullying and/or victimization. Bullying perpetration was predicted by low involvement in school activities, low levels of positive discipline and high levels of insecurity. Exposure to victimization was predicted by high levels of insecurity, low levels of social integration, low levels of democracy/support and low involvement in school activities. The results are interpreted in conjunction with the existing knowledge.

Keywords : Harcèlement, victimation, climat scolaire, démocratie/soutien, clarté/justice des règles scolaires, discipline, sécurité, implication dans des activités scolaires, attachement, satisfaction, intégration sociale, bullying, victimization, school climate, democracy/support, clarity/fairness of school rules, discipline, safety, involvement in school activities, attachment, satisfaction, social integration .


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